Welcome to lesson 14 in the FL studio’ tutorial series.
This lesson continues our set of lessons concerning adding and managing content in FL Studio.
In this lesson, we’re going to focus on how to use the powerful FPC plug-in that comes pre-loaded in FL Studio,
FPC is a high-end sampler that although mostly used for drums can be used to control any audio loops or samples in an MPC style fashion,
the FPC layout features two banks of 16 pads mapped over a four by four grid for a total of 32 programmable pads,
these pads can be loaded with different samples and can support multiple velocities this layout is consistent with most MPC style drum pad controllers making the pads easy to trigger externally,
if you choose to trigger and program the pads within the software you’ll have to use the piano roll.
Choose a pre-loaded kit to begin working with by going to the drop-down menu here and choose presets or right-click these arrows and choose a preset kit,
let’s first explore how to program the drums using the piano roll with FPC added to the step sequencer open its piano roll instead of keys you should see a list of notes and any drums available in the current kit,
you’ll program the drums by adding blocks in the rows beside the name of the drums you want to be included in your pattern.
While you’re only programming the instrument of one channel you will end up with multiple samples being triggered,
in using FPC with external midi controllers or even your typing keyboard we may want to designate what pads our external devices keys or pads trigger,
to do this if you aren’t familiar with how to assign notes to your controller,
we can simply go to the MIDI notes section and left-click then choose map notes for entire Bank,
FPC we’ll wait for input from 16 keys or pads on the controller that it will assign to the pads and the bank.
If you do this with the typing keyboard realize some keys won’t send messages another option for assigning pads to your controller is to first hit a pad in F PC then go under the same MIDI note menu choose to learn then hit a key or pad on your midi controller or typing keyboard,
if we want we can create our own custom kits
the easiest way to do this is to go to the empty preset which loads an empty set of pads, then using our browser we can add a sample of our own by dragging and dropping it onto a pad,
once added the sample will be triggered at full velocity,
if we want multiple velocities we can go to the create button and then hit it to add a new layer for however many layer velocity ranges we want to use.
For now, let’s hit create three times to have four layers then hit the spread even button to evenly distribute the velocity ranges across the four layers,
make sure the scale volume switch is lit also in this process,
all that is left to do now is to add an instance of the sample again by dragging to each layer.
Now our pad is velocity-sensitive and we’ll play the sample at various volumes depending on how much pressure is applied to the MIDI controllers key or pad,
you’ll also see that there are numerous other options for adjusting the sample on each pad including some volume envelope and pen envelope controls plus a reverse feature,
if you use some lengthier samples breaks or loops you may want to also make use of the mute group like features in the cut section, this allows certain samples to be cut off when retread or when a sample from the same group is triggered,
we visited this previously in lesson 13 with the cut itself feature of the channel settings menu, that option isn’t available here,
instead, we must actually change the numbers in the cut boxes manually, here I will add two loops to some pads and FPC,
what’s added by putting them into different groups I can make it so that they won’t overlap on themselves but since they’re in different groups they can play at the same time.
Using FPC you can also choose from pre-loaded MIDI loops or scores of your own and FPC that will be sent to the step sequencer,
from here you can go into the piano roll to make any adjustments, in saving your project with the FPC kit included if you used any samples of your own you may want to export as a zip loop package as we mentioned doing in the previous lesson,
to save the project plus any samples used therefore ensuring it will open for any FL user as it was intended as others may not have access to your personal sample collection that our project is dependent upon.
Now you should have a thorough understanding of how to use FPC to add and control samples in your patterns and projects.
Thus ends our lesson on FPC.